Causes of umbilical Cord Masses
Vitelline duct cysts
Transient cyst- unknown aetiology.
· Ubmilical cord hematoma-
This may occur spontaneously (1:5500)or may follow cordocentesis.
· Accumulation of Wharton's jelly- This is usually of no pathological significance.
· Hemangioma- Doppler ultrasound useful.
· Teratoma- Rare tumor of the umbilical cord which may have cystic, solid or complex appearance on ultrasound.
· Mucoid degeneration of the cord
· Knot in the umbilical cord- Usually life threatening situation.
· Umbilical vein varix- Doppler may be helpful.
· Patent urachus-
· Ectasia of umbilical vein
· Angiomyxoma- Solid or complex appearance on ultrasound.